RESCUE ARCHAELOGICAL RESEARCH AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN THE PROTECTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE
Keywords: Archaeology, Rescue Archaeological Excavation, Protection of Historical Monument, Archaeological Community
Abstract. Thorough knowledge of the area on which the construction or similar activities are to take place is the basis for responsible decision-making and for the elimination of unpleasant surprises. Central Europe is an area where archaeological monuments can be discovered on almost every plot. Their presence can mean expanding our knowledge of the past and significantly enriching our cultural heritage. The builder often sees the presence of archaeological sites as an obstacle. The position of archaeological monuments in term of ownership is unusual. The land is usually owned by builder, but the archaeological findings themselves are the property of the Regions according to the Act on Protection of Monuments. Archaeological monuments can be examined on each plot by non-destructive methods that determine their extent. The following is a decision as to whether the original plan will be implemented or withdrawn. Implementation of the project is preceded by rescue archaeological research, the course of which is also regulated by law. Carefully executed rescue excavation means saving the testimony of the past and the importance of the place and for the builder to release the land for implementation of the project.