MURAL LINEAR FEATURE ENHANCEMENT ALGORITHM COMBINING SEMI-SUPERVISED IMAGE SEGMENTATION AND DIMENSIONALITY REDUCTION
Keywords: Linear Feature, Superpixels, Dimensionality Reduction, Mural, Enhancement, fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering
Abstract. Due to the influence of natural and human factors, the linear features in the murals are partially blurred, which brings great challenges to the digital preservation and virtual restoration of cultural heritage. Taking the advantages of non-invasive measurement as well as the rich image and spectral information of hyperspectral technology, we proposed a linear feature enhancement method by combining semi-supervised superpixel segmentation with block dimension reduction. The main research work includes: (1) The true color composite image was segmented to obtain the label data by using the local spatial information of the superpixel image and the global feature information extracted by fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering.(2) According to the label data, the preprocessed hyperspectral data were divided into homogeneous regions, whose dimensionality was reduced by principal component analysis (PCA) and kernel principal component analysis (KPCA). (3) The principal component images with the largest gradient after dimensionality reduction were respectively selected and normalized. The optimal principal component images normalized by the block PCA and block KPCA dimensionality reduction algorithms are superimposed to produce the linear feature enhancement images of murals. The hyperspectral images of some murals in Qutan Temple, Qinghai Province, China were used to verify the method. The results show that the spatial information and the spectral information of different pattern areas in the hyperspectral image can be fully used by combining the superpixel FCM image segmentation algorithm with the dimensionality reduction algorithm. of. It can highlight the linear information in the hyperspectral images of fades murals.