The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLVIII-1-2024
10 May 2024
 | 10 May 2024

A Long-time-series Spatio-Temporal-Spectral Fusion Method via Multi-task Learning

Mingyuan Peng, Canhai Li, Xiaoqing Zhou, and Guoyuan Li

Keywords: spatio-temporal-spectral fusion, hyperspectral data, multispectral data, long-time-seires

Abstract. Due to the limitations of sensor hardware, clouds and fog, and data transmission limitations, it is difficult for the data obtained by spaceborne remote sensing imager to achieve high temporal, spatial and spectral resolution at the same time, which limits its application in long-time-series high-frequency monitoring. At present, there are several spatio-temporal-spectral algorithms that can realize the fusion of temporal, spatial and spectral resolution, but most of them are based on one to two discrete images, and the integrated fusion at the multi-dimensional level has not yet been realized. There is currently no research on the spatio-temporal-spectral fusion method based on LONG-TIME-SERIES multi-scene remote sensing data. Aiming at solving the bottleneck of spatio-tempora-spectral resolution of remote sensing data, this study proposes a new long-time-series spatio-temporal-spectral fusion method based on multi-task learning to realize the multi-dimensional optimization of multi-source remote sensing data resolutions. Experiments used simulated and real datasets, both of which contain 4 images of 10m ZY1-02D multispectral data, 7 images of 16m GF-6 multispectral data and 4 images of 30m ZY1-02D hyperspectral data, and obtained 7 images of 10m hyperspectral data. The experiments The results show that our method performs the best compared to other methods. This method can provide effective data support for applications based on long-time series remote sensing data.