BIM AND UAV PHOTOGRAMMETRY FOR SPATIAL STRUCTURES SUSTAINABILITY INVENTORY
Keywords: BIM, UAV, Damage, Structural analysis, Monitoring, Geodetic measurements
Abstract. The paper describes the basic concept of the integration between UAV surveying results and BIM. As a case study, it was considered the large spatial shell that served as a hangar for the Antonov An-225 Mriya, the largest in the world strategic cargo aircraft with a maximum take-off weight of 640 tons. Due to an explosion inside, the hangar and aircraft were significantly damaged. The key point of the study is the damage estimation by analysis and modeling of this unique engineering structure. The study has included several steps: hangar structure documentation (before damage), UAV surveying of the hangar (for ongoing condition estimation), terrestrial measurements for the control, and integration of 3D models inside BIM for structural analysis. Deploying the UAV allowed us to generate detailed 3D models of the hangar by means of photogrammetry and computer vision methods. The inclusion of the field geodetic measurements into the processing made it possible to increase significantly positioning accuracy of the results to the sub-centimeter level and served as a ground truth for the models obtained based on UAV sensors data. The results proved the feasibility of BIM and UAV photogrammetry for the hangar stability model development and practical verification based on geospatial and structural engineering data.