LESSONS LEARNT FROM THE HIGH RESOLUTION UAS PHOTOGRAMMETRIC SURVEY OF A HISTORIC URBAN AREA: UNESCO SITE OF SABBIONETA
Keywords: Photogrammetry, Cultural Heritage, City model, UAS, flight planning, urban areas, flight regulation, orthophoto
Abstract. In view of the increasing development of the smart city concept and the generation of 3d city models, it becomes essential to have an up-to-date, high-detail 3D survey of urban areas. There are several technologies that enable the development of a geometric survey of urban areas, including the use of aerial laser scanning, remote sensing, mobile mapping systems, and Unmanned Aerial Sistems (UAS) photogrammetry. Of these, the last mentioned, when developed with high-resolution cameras and flight plans with appropriate elevations, allows point clouds to be obtained at a high level of detail and orthophotos with great resolution. This technique may be the preferable choice when the object of the survey is a historic urban area, which has some special features, which might make surveying difficult with other surveying techniques. This paper presents the survey with UAS photogrammetry of a historic urban area: the city of Sabbioneta, in northern Italy. The UAS flight planning is discussed in details, specifically referring to european UAS flight regulations. The survey was developed with DJI Matrice 300 RTK, equipped with a flight terminator and parachute, and coupled with a high precision GNSS Mobile Station DJI D-RTK 2. Ground control points and check points were measured with GNSS receiver Leica GS18. Images were processed with Agisoft Metashape following a photogrammetric workflow. The resulting orthophoto has a pixel size of 1 cm. The obtained dense point cloud is suitable for future use for its segmentation by testing existing machine learning and deep learning methods and for future urban analysis.