DIGITAL TERRAIN FROM A TWO-STEP SEGMENTATION AND OUTLIER-BASED ALGORITHM
Keywords: Digital Elevation Models, DEM, DTM, DSM, ground filter, surface fitting, point cloud filtering
Abstract. We present a novel ground filter for remotely sensed height data. Our filter has two phases: the first phase segments the DSM with a slope threshold and uses gradient direction to identify candidate ground segments; the second phase fits surfaces to the candidate ground points and removes outliers. Digital terrain is obtained by a surface fit to the final set of ground points. We tested the new algorithm on digital surface models (DSMs) for a 9600km2 region around Perth, Australia. This region contains a large mix of land uses (urban, grassland, native forest and plantation forest) and includes both a sandy coastal plain and a hillier region (elevations up to 0.5km). The DSMs are captured annually at 0.2m resolution using aerial stereo photography, resulting in 1.2TB of input data per annum. Overall accuracy of the filter was estimated to be 89.6% and on a small semi-rural subset our algorithm was found to have 40% fewer errors compared to Inpho’s Match-T algorithm.