FITTING A POINT CLOUD TO A 3D POLYHEDRAL SURFACE
Keywords: Contactless measurement, point clouds fitting, Stretched Grid method, Principal Component Analysis
Abstract. The ability to measure parameters of large-scale objects in a contactless fashion has a tremendous potential in a number of industrial applications. However, this problem is usually associated with an ambiguous task to compare two data sets specified in two different co-ordinate systems. This paper deals with the study of fitting a set of unorganized points to a polyhedral surface. The developed approach uses Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Stretched grid method (SGM) to substitute a non-linear problem solution with several linear steps. The squared distance (SD) is a general criterion to control the process of convergence of a set of points to a target surface. The described numerical experiment concerns the remote measurement of a large-scale aerial in the form of a frame with a parabolic shape. The experiment shows that the fitting process of a point cloud to a target surface converges in several linear steps. The method is applicable to the geometry remote measurement of large-scale objects in a contactless fashion.