THE TOMB OF IPI: 3D DOCUMENTATION IN A MIDDLE KINGDOM THEBAN NECROPOLIS (EGYPT, 2000 BCE)
Keywords: Egypt, Thebes, tombs, Middle Kingdom, underground surveying, laser scanning
Abstract. Due to the multiplicity of tombs in the area and the work of early archaeologists in Deir el-Bahari, the necropolis resembles a Swiss cheese. In addition, most of these monuments and their remains (coffin fragments, human remains, subsidiary structures) were left unpublished. A century later, the major purpose of the Middle Kingdom Theban Project of University of Alcala (MKTP-UAH) –led by the moudir (i.e. “director” in Arabic) Antonio Morales– is to document, understand, and publish all these monuments and findings left behind by previous expeditions. Such publications will shed light not only on the necropolis and owners of the monuments, but will also help to understand the beginning of the so-called Middle Kingdom, a golden age of the pharaonic period with a significant and impressive architecture. In fact, most of archaeologists take these tombs as patterns for this golden age, without taking into consideration that we do not know much about them.