DOMAIN ADAPTATION WITH CYCLEGAN FOR CHANGE DETECTION IN THE AMAZON FOREST
Keywords: Remote Sensing, Change Detection, Domain Adaptation, Cycle-Consistent Generative Adversarial Networks
Abstract. Deep learning classification models require large amounts of labeled training data to perform properly, but the production of reference data for most Earth observation applications is a labor intensive, costly process. In that sense, transfer learning is an option to mitigate the demand for labeled data. In many remote sensing applications, however, the accuracy of a deep learning-based classification model trained with a specific dataset drops significantly when it is tested on a different dataset, even after fine-tuning. In general, this behavior can be credited to the domain shift phenomenon. In remote sensing applications, domain shift can be associated with changes in the environmental conditions during the acquisition of new data, variations of objects’ appearances, geographical variability and different sensor properties, among other aspects. In recent years, deep learning-based domain adaptation techniques have been used to alleviate the domain shift problem. Recent improvements in domain adaptation technology rely on techniques based on Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs), such as the Cycle-Consistent Generative Adversarial Network (CycleGAN), which adapts images across different domains by learning nonlinear mapping functions between the domains. In this work, we exploit the CycleGAN approach for domain adaptation in a particular change detection application, namely, deforestation detection in the Amazon forest. Experimental results indicate that the proposed approach is capable of alleviating the effects associated with domain shift in the context of the target application.