DOWNSCALING OF SMAP SOIL MOISTURE PRODUCT BY DATA FUSION WITH VIIRS LST/EVI PRODUCT
Keywords: Soil Moisture, Downscaling, SMAP, VIIRS, LST-EVI Triangular Space
Abstract. Soil moisture is an essential variable of environment and climate change, which affects the energy and water exchange between soil and atmosphere. The estimation of soil moisture is thus very important in geoscience, while at same time also challenging. Satellite remote sensing provides an efficient way for large-scale soil moisture distribution mapping, and microwave remote sensing satellites/sensors, such as Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS), Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR), and Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite, are widely used to retrieve soil moisture in a global scale. However, most microwave products have relatively coarse resolution (tens of kilometres), which limits their application in regional hydrological simulation and disaster prevention. In this study, the SMAP soil moisture product with spatial resolution of 9km is downscaled to 750m by fusing with VIIRS optical products. The LST-EVI triangular space pattern provides the physical foundation for the microwave-optical data fusion, so that the downscaled soil moisture product not only matches well with the original SMAP product, but also presents more detailed distribution patterns compared with the original dataset. The results show a promising prospect to use the triangular method to produce finer soil moisture datasets (within 1 km) from the coarse soil moisture product.