SINGLE BUILDING POINT CLOUD SEGMENTATION: TOWARDS URBAN DATA MODELING AND MANAGEMENT
Keywords: topographic database, mobile mapping, urban management, point cloud, geospatial data, UAS, MMS, OSM
Abstract. To manage urban areas, a key step is the development of a geometric survey and its subsequent analysis and processing in order to provide useful information, and to become a good basis for urban modeling. Surveys of urban areas can be developed with various technologies, such as Aerial Laser Scanning, Unmanned Aerial Systems photogrammetry, and Mobile Mapping Systems. To make the resulting point clouds useful for subsequent steps, it is necessary to segment them into classes representing urban elements. On the other hand, there are 2D land representations that provide a variety of information related to the elements in the urban environment, which are linked to databases that have information content related to them. In this context, the element identified as interesting for urban management of the built heritage is the individual building unit. This paper presents an automated method for using map datasets to segment individual building units on a point cloud of an urban area. A unique number is then assigned to the segmented points, linking them directly to the corresponding element in the map database. The resulting point cloud thus becomes a container of the information in the map database, and a basis for possible city modeling. The method was successfully tested on the historic city of Sabbioneta (northern Italy), using two point clouds, one obtained through the use of a Mobile Mapping System and one obtained with Unmanned Aerial System photogrammetry. Two cartographic databases were used, one opensource (OpenStreetMap) and one provided by the regional authorities (regional cartographic database).